What is it?
Juvenile Arthritis is also known as childhood arthritis which affects individuals under the age of 16. Juvenile arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting children and teens making juvenile arthritis one of the most common childhood disease in the India. There are available three classification of juvenile arthritis such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), Juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), and Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) of which, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is most common. This classification based upon symptoms, umber of joints involved and the presence of antibodies in the blood.
Jaipur Arthritis Centre offers specialized team of arthritis doctors in Jaipur. Dr.Rahul Jain is experienced rheumatologist consultant in Jaipur Arthritis Centre. Jaipur Arthritis Centre is working as a best arthritis centre in Jaipur. Polyarticular arthritis is the first types of arthritis, which affects about 30-40% of children with arthritis and is more common in girls than boys. Typically five or more joints are affected usually smaller joints such as the hands and feet but many also affect the hips, neck, shoulders and jaw.
What causes it?
No known cause has been pinpointed for most forms of juvenile arthritis, nor is there evidence to suggest that toxins, foods or allergies cause children to develop the disease. Some research points toward a genetic predisposition, which means the combination of genes a child receives from family members may cause the onset of arthritis when triggered by other factors.
What are the effects?
Having arthritis will affect your entire family, but you can maintain a sense of calm and normalcy. Stick to as many of your child's daily routines and comforting habits as possible. Having arthritis should be part of your child's life - not the central focus of his life.
Coping with a chronic illness diagnosis is difficult for anyone, but especially for children who are not emotionally or physically equipped to handle the situation. Expect and prepare for your child to sometimes feel sad or angry that he or she has arthritis. It's important to address, rather than ignore these emotions. Help your child maintain the attitude that "arthritis is part of who I am, not the only thing I am."
Arthritis is truly a family diagnosis. Parents experience many emotions - from sadness to guilt to anger that their child has arthritis. It's tempting to keep a low profile and avoid participating in too many activities when your child is first diagnosed, but everyone will benefit by keeping relationships
and schedules as consistent as possible. Parents should be sure to spend time with their other children and make time for one another - and themselves. Siblings of children with arthritis will feel a full spectrum of emotion from guilt that they're healthy, to resentment, anger, loneliness and a need for attention. One key to minimizing sibling tensions is to keep everyone equally involved in and informed about your child's diagnosis and treatment. If your child who doesn't have arthritis exhibits signs of clinginess, anxiety or dangerous behaviors, seek help from a counselor who can help ease this transition for your family.
How is it diagnosed?
The most important step in properly treating your child's JA is getting an accurate diagnosis. The diagnostic process can be long and detailed, but be patient. Your child's pediatrician will likely recommend that you visit a pediatric rheumatologist who will then take a complete health history to determine the length of time and type of symptoms present.
There is no single blood test that confirms juvenile arthritis. In fact, blood testing will reveal relatively little in terms of your child's diagnosis. In children, the key to diagnosis is a careful physical exam, along with taking a medical history.
Along with the physical exam itself, your child's doctors will take a number of other diagnostic steps - such as laboratory work and x-rays and other imaging tests - in part to rule out other potential causes of symptoms. Blood work, for example, can rule out the possibility of an underlying infection.